Flash (Speed-lites) Photography Controlling Factors

There are 5 factors that play a role in Flash photography. The factors control these two things: Ambient Light and Flash.

Controlling Ambient Light

SS (shutter speed) a Time Value controls ambient light. Should you want the background darker or lighter

depends on the SS settings. 1/320 1/500 and higher makes the background darker, 1/250, 1/200, 1/160 and to down to 30

seconds will brighten up the whole ambient light. Being of such a simple process I will demonstrate with 3-4 images about controlling ambient light ad their settings


Controlling the Flash

AV (Aperture Priority) an Amount Value controls the FLASH (f/8.0) ;
ISO (Sensor Sensitivity) controls the FLASH (100);
Power setting (Flash Power) controls the Flash (1/1,  1/2,  1/4,  1/8,  1/16,  1/32,  1/64,  1/128);
Distance (distance of Flash to Subject) controls the flash (3ft, 6ft, 8 ft) .

Being of  such a simple process I will demonstrate with 3-4 images about controlling flash and showing their settings

 With the ISO100 – 200 and/or Distance 5-8 ft, I usually do not change these. I use the radio communication with my

trigger to my transceiver to operate my flash so there for I don’t need to change anything except my

power setting or my aperture. The reason I use my trigger to control my transceivers on my flashes,

 I do not want to keep going back forth from my position shooting

the camera to the flash and then back  o my position to shoot. That can be a real pain. 


As a beginner in Flash photography, I was so worried about the technical aspects of using flash. It took me so long to get a grip on the aspect of shooting using a speed lite. I kept worrying about little things that I did not need to worry about such as  Guide Numbers (GN)….. Well guess what I am gonna save you a lot of time and frustration. Forget any technical values and just re-read the above controlling factors. When you try, and you have a problem, ask yourself these two questions:  (1.) What setting controls ambient light? (2.) What settings controls the flash?

  • Also as beginner photographers the gear should be simple as this:
  • DSLR
  • Flash
  • Transceiver
  • Trigger
  • 28 inch Translucent Soft White Diffuser Umbrella
  • Light Stand
  • Light Stand Bracket
  • Round Reflector 5-in-1 w/Handles 43 in

In closing of this tutorial, I believe in the ole saying K.I.S.S. (Keep It Simple Stupid) & (Work Smarter, Not Harder), with that said, this is the bare bones starting points using your flash the first time. This is also a Generic starting point with the use of one flash and an umbrella. This is the settings where I start using my flash is at 1/125, f/8, 100-200, power set to 1/4. It is said for a photographer to learn the gear he has first then upgrade. This is the simplest gear and the simplest operation for a photographer starting out. Besides this is supposed to be FUN… so lets have some fun. Should you desire to contact me to discuss this I have all of it her on my website. Please do not hesitate to contact me and lets figure it out.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>